Neonatal Unit

 

Established: 2013
Staff: 20 nurses, 7 doctors (including residents on rotation)
Capacity: SCBU: 8 beds; NICU: 4 beds
Treatments: 37 per month
Most common diagnoses: neonatal sepsis (bacterial), prematurely born babies, jaundice, neonatal skin infections, and meningitis
Operating Costs:$231,419

Treatment: One of a Kind

Angkor Hospital for Children’s Neonatal Unit (NICU) is one of the only units of its kind in Cambodia. Nearly 49% of infant deaths occur during the neonatal period (the first 28 days of life), especially among premature babies. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that up to two-thirds of new-born deaths could be prevented if new-borns received the specialized care they require.

The Special Care Baby Unit (SCBU) is for our critically ill neonates. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is for all our other babies under 28 days. By separating neonates from the general paediatric ward our smallest patients have a much greater chance of a faster and full recovery as they are not exposed to the large number of other ailments we treat in the wards.


Treatment: Specialty Care and Equipment 

Equipment and care for neonates is different than those used in general paediatric care. These babies are often extremely small and have immature body systems and therefore they require more specialized equipment than is available in our other departments. Machines such as ventilators, phototherapy machines and incubators can make the difference between life and death for our new-borns.chr_9486


Prevention: Taking Care of the Mothersbf (1 of 1)

While their babies are under-going intensive treatment, mothers receive daily education and support on a range of issues including effective breast-feeding, hygiene practices and a full explanation of the medical process for their baby.


Education:

The Neonatal Ward at the Satellite Clinic provides education to health workers at government health centres on what to do if a baby is born prematurely, warning signs that indicate a neonate should be brought to Satellite and how to care for neonates appropriately.